How to enhance your product management and leadership practices
blogSeptember 22, 2023

How to enhance your product management and leadership practices

Seven core Principles for effective product leadership

Article presentation

Product management is a dynamic discipline that evolves constantly. It needs a tailored strategy to be successful, and this article explores several principles on which that approach should rest.

We will explore seven principles for product management and leadership and analyze their implications. As a result, they can be applied at any level of an organization, from individual product managers to startup CEOs. Having a clear understanding of these principles can enhance your performance and create a better organization.

1. Start With Why

The first principle, "Start With Why," emphasizes the importance of understanding the higher-order purpose of your work before diving into the details of what and how. Simon Sinek's book "Start With Why," explains that great companies and products are built by individuals who are driven by a mission or purpose. Giving purpose to one’s work is the best driving force for performance and growth.

Starting with why is crucial for company leaders, as they set the direction and establish the aspirational vision for the product. However, even individual product team members can apply this principle by tying their day-to-day work to the product vision and company mission. 

2. Understand the Problem

The second principle of product management emphasizes the importance of truly understanding the problem you are solving. While this may seem obvious, many product managers often chase feature ideas without taking the time to deeply comprehend the underlying problem, the target customers, and why exactly the customers are buying the solution.

To understand the problem, leaders need to cultivate empathy, which allows them to see things from the perspective of their customers. This skill enables product managers to effectively search and solve problems for their customers. Additionally, to attain a thorough grasp of the issue, it is crucial to take into account a variety of viewpoints present within the product team.

Defining the problem before attempting to solve it is another critical aspect of this principle. However, in technology-enabled products, the problem and solution are often interdependent. Emerging technologies can shift our understanding of the problem, requiring us to adjust the problem definition accordingly. Therefore, it is necessary to remain adaptable and open to redefining the problem as new information emerges.

3. Focus Relentlessly

The third principle, "Focus Relentlessly," advocates for doing fewer things but doing them exceptionally well. Instead of pursuing an 80:20 approach where 80% of the value is achieved with 20% of the effort, a great product focuses on delivering excellence in a few key areas. By going the extra mile and delivering the last 20% of value, you can differentiate your product from the competition.

Focusing relentlessly requires prioritization based on vision, strategy, and a deep understanding of your customer's problems. It is not about following frameworks or calculating ROI but rather making strategic choices that align with your product vision. At each level of prioritization, it is essential to cut out unnecessary work and concentrate on the most critical aspects.

4. Empower the Team

The fourth principle emphasizes the importance of empowering the product team through cross-functional collaboration. Empowered teams are given goals for solving customer problems, rather than being assigned feature projects to deliver. This approach helps boost motivation, customer-centricity, velocity, and innovation within the team.

To empower the team, it is crucial to have senior management buy-in and establish a culture of autonomy and purpose. Even as an individual product manager, you can add to empowering the team by involving all team members, including engineers, in the discovery phase. Leveraging the collective knowledge and diverse perspectives of the team leads to better results and promotes a sense of ownership and buy-in.

5. Embrace Uncertainty

Embracing uncertainty is a fundamental principle of product management. Product development inherently involves risk, because the market can be very unpredictable. Accepting failure and recognizing it as a learning opportunity is essential for delivering a great product.

To embrace uncertainty, it is crucial to validate all ideas early on. Simply asking customers if they have a certain problem or desire a better solution is not enough. Instead, you need to create opportunities for customers to actively engage with your product or solution, whether through prototypes or minimum viable products (MVPs). By validating ideas and gathering real data, you can make informed decisions and mitigate risks.

6. Balance Inputs, Outputs, Outcomes, and Learning

The sixth principle highlights the importance of balancing inputs, outputs, outcomes, and learning in product development. Traditional management often focuses solely on outputs, such as the number of features shipped. However, modern approaches recognize the significance of customer and business outcomes.

To achieve this balance, it is essential to consider the quality of information used in decision-making (inputs), the desired outcomes for customers and the business, and the learning derived from previous experiences. By incorporating all these elements into the product development process, teams can make informed decisions and improve continuously.

7. Iterate, Iterate, Iterate

The final principle emphasizes the importance of iteration throughout the entire product development process. This includes iterative delivery of software , as well as iterative discovery and improvement of the product.

The concept of the Minimum Viable Product (MVP) is often misunderstood. Instead of being the first version of a product, the MVP is a tool to validate the riskiest assumption or hypothesis. Once validated, teams can iterate and produce additional MVPs to test and refine subsequent assumptions. By iterating and continuously learning, teams can develop products that truly meet customer needs and expectations.


In conclusion, applying these principles can enhance your product management and leadership practices. Whether you are an individual product manager, a team lead, or a CEO, these principles can be adapted and implemented at various levels within an organization. By starting with why, understanding the problem, focusing relentlessly, empowering the team, embracing uncertainty, balancing inputs and outputs, and iterating continuously, you can drive innovation, customer-centricity, and success in your product development efforts.

At OceanoBe, we don't just write about these principles — we live by them. Statement to that stands Our Playbook. Our commitment to product management and leadership enables us to deliver outstanding software solutions. If you're looking to transform your product development efforts and seize new business opportunities, our team is eager to collaborate. Contact us to explore how we can forge a long-lasting partnership.